trucks, jeeps, field kitchens, engineering supplies,
tents, gloves, and hats.
Peru received a mobile
field hospital and other
equipment in 2010 worth
4 armored personnel carriers
6 light trainer/fighter jets (K- 8 Karakorum)
6 multipurpose helicopters
2 patrol boats
2 medium transport aircraft (Antonov
500 Red Arrow- 8 anti-tank missiles
2 trainer aircraft
4 air search radar ( 2 to be delivered)
2 MA- 60 transport aircraft (to be delivered)
10 air search radar (estimated)
25 K- 8 Karakorum
100 short range anti-aircraft missiles
8 Antonov An- 12 transport aircraft
25 portable surface-to-air missiles
3,000 122-millimeter rockets
1 transport aircraft
13 105-millimeter towed guns
ARMS SALES AND TRANSFERS:
5TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER The military technology transfer with Argentina is instructive.
Argentina has produced
including jets, since the
1940s and 1950s. The
Fá-brica Argentina de Avio-nes (located in Córdoba)
was founded in 1927 and
has manufactured over
1,300 aircraft of various
types—including the excellent Pucara and Pampa—
and today employs about 1,000 local workers, down
from 9,000. Today, the Argentine government wants
to resuscitate that capacity, and there may be a niche
market for light multiple-use transport helicopters in
South America, in addition to sales within Argentina.
In October 2011, Argentina announced an agreement
with the China National Aero-Technology Import &
Export Corporation to produce the CZ-W11 ultra-light
helicopter. Apparently, a minimum production run of
40 will be necessary to make it economically feasible.
The CZ-W11 is a reverse engineered version (with minor
changes) of the Eurocopter AS 35OB Ecureil helicopter.
A similar version of the latter, the Ecureil 2, is being co-produced by Eurocopter subsidiary Helibras in Brazil.
DORLING KINDERSLEY/GET TY
Brazil is pushing hard on the technology transfer
front to enhance both its civilian and military industry. Though there is no specific agreement with China
on military technology transfer, the two countries have
developed and launched three Earth resources satellites
to benefit nations that do not have their own satellites
to monitor natural resources, agricultural zones and urban development. Four more are planned.
Brazil makes 50 percent of the satellite components.
However, another effort at commercial collaboration
foundered. Brazil’s Embraer and Aviation Industry
of China agreed to jointly manufacture the midsize
ERJ-145 passenger jet in
Harbin. According to de-
fense analyst R. Evan El-
lis, Embraer viewed the
collaboration as neces-
sary to gain access to the
Chinese market, which
China resisted. The “rela-
tionship,” he added, “was
also soured by the percep-
tion within Embraer that
the Chinese had used
the partnership to steal
to support their own air-
SOURCE: JANE’S DEFENSE WEEKLY REPOR TS
IMPLICATIONS FOR U.S.
U. S. officials are not publicly concerned about China’s
military activities. Frank Mora, deputy assistant secretary of defense for Western Hemisphere Affairs, stated
in 2009 that while the U.S. stands for transparency, China’s arms and technology transfers are standard in the
international community, and that some of the equipment can help Latin American governments improve
security and counter drug trafficking.
Henry Kissinger, in his latest book, On China, calls for
the new U. S. relationship with China to be built on strategic trust. The same advice applies to thinking about
the evolving ties between China and Latin America.
Gabriel Marcella is adjunct professor at the U.S.
Army War College, where he previously served as
director of the Americas Studies. He has written
extensively on Latin American security.
FOR SOURCE CI TATIONS PLEASE SEE:
69 Americas Quarterly WINTER 2012